Why in India we can see the Nazi cross everywhere?
The immediate answer here (with a bit of pride because many Indians greatly admire the leadership skills of the dictator – see here): Hitler copied the Hindu swastika and changed the sense of the branches...
In fact, it is a little more complicated than that!
This cross (swastika), is a symbol of good fortune and well-being that has been used for over 3,000 years, in many cultures (it is the wan in China, the fylfot in England, the tetraskelion in Greece, the swastika in India and it is also present in the Amerindian, Japanese cultures etc). It was even sewn on the crests of the 45th American division during the first world war!
And in Germany, Hitler was not even the first one to claim ownership of the symbol...
In the 1870s, a German archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann, found pieces of craftsmanship with swastikas on the alleged site of the ancient Troy in North Turkey. And since he had found similar pieces in Germany, he declared the swastika an ancient German symbol. The art of appropriation...
It was matching well the theories at the time according to which the Aryan people would be originating from Northern Europe and would have colonized almost everywhere, carrying their cross with them...
Let us draw the (unstable) context of the time where there was no real German identity. Indeed, it was only in 1871, after 70 years of conquest and formation of empires of the countries surrounding Germany, with Napoleon at the head of the procession, that the German Federal Empire was formed. In response to these disturbances, the German nationalist sentiment grew, with at its core a common hatred directed against Napoleon, his system and France.
It is in this context of the emergence of a national consciousness that Friedrich Schlegel, a German scholar precursor and specialist of Indo-Europeanism, turned to the past and developed an interest in the origins of the Germans. He found links between indo-Iranians and German words: between “arya” (which refers to the Indo-Iranian people in their language) and “Ehre” (which means honor in German). He advanced the theory that in their language, the Indo-Europeans called themselves the “honorable people” (in Sanskrit Arya qualifies a noble man), and “Aryan” became synonymous with “Indo-European”. Through languages (and not ethnicity) were established ancestral links between Indians and Europeans. Schlegel placed the Aryan birthplace in India but gradually, scientists suggested different origins of the Aryan people (Central Asia, the Caspian Sea, then Southwest Europe). Finally it was decided that the Aryans had the physiotype of Northern Europeans. Quite far from history that places the ancient Indo-Iranian, Indo-European peoples in what is today Iran, Afghanistan and India. The Aryan had become the original man, of superior race. And he looked like the Germans! *
To get back to the hakenkreuze, at the beginning of the 20th century it symbolized German nationalism: for example the Wandervogel, a German youth movement around 1895 used it. Then finally Hitler described the new Nazi flag in Mein Kampf: “In red we see the social idea of the movement, in white the nationalistic idea, in the swastika the mission of the struggle for the victory of the Aryan man, and, by the same token, the victory of the idea of creative work, which as such always has been and always will be anti-Semitic.”
About the orientation of the branches, the two crosses have existed for thousands of years. The one that rotates clockwise (swastika) is a symbol that imitates the daily path of the sun. And the one that rotates the other way (sauvastika) generally represents night and black magic.
On top of this, maybe it is only me who has a vision problem but it looks that both the Hindu swastika and the Nazi swastika rotate in the same direction (the difference being a rotation of 45 degrees)...
In conclusion, Hitler has never set foot in India. I don’t think he really cared about it either.
Even if he has supported the “Free India Government” (or Azad Hind) formed by Indian nationalists in exile, with the help of Japan, whose aim was to kick the British out of India. In my opinion Hitler’s only interest here was to piss off his British enemies. He thus allowed Chandra Bose to recruit an army in his camps where at the time tens of thousands of Indians arrested by Rommel in North Africa were kept – 3,000 soldiers lent allegiance in 1942. But Bose had lost faith in the help of the Germany and left to the Japan (alone) and his soldiers ended up in the regular German army before being sent back to India at the end of the war.
* NB: The ideal of Hitler was not a Jew-free world but a world dominated by superior races. Which would naturally happen if he could eliminate inferior races and make the superior races reproduce (this is the theory of eugenics). He got people sterilized or simply got rid of them: the mentally challenged, the disabled, the blinds, and those suffering from genetic diseases. Then various races and peoples were included in the group: the old and sick, the deaf and the dumb, the “monkeys” (non-European breeds), the gypsies, the blacks. While the SS would spread their blessed seeds in special breeding farms where beautiful young blond girls were waiting for them.
Hitler also used the theory of evolution as a weapon against religion – which he hated. The moral virtues of religions (compassion, mercy, humility, love) didn’t really sticked well with his idea of a "merciless Aryan warrior."
In this context, it didn't take much to get the Jews under his radar, which he seemed to have a grudge against since his childhood. He also blamed them for the defeat of the First World War and the economic crisis which followed the stock market crash of 1929. He saw socialism, that he abhorred, as a Jewish conspiracy, since many socialist leaders in Germany and elsewhere were Jewish (Rosa Luxemburg, Leon Trotsky, Karl Marx etc.). And it wouldn’t arm his government to get funds to finance his delirium from the wealth of the Jews (see the fortunes of the Rothschild, or Bamberger who co-founded the Deutsche Bank, etc.).