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07/03/2017

Working in India: Income taxes

After discussing salary, here come the taxes!

Here is what the Government has in store for 2017-18 income taxes (ouch ouch ouch):

India,working in India,salary,income taxes

Let's go back to the Foreign guy example, the one who gets 1,00,000 Rs per month or 12,50,000 per year:

inde,salaires,impôts,tranche d'impôts,pan

Apart from the taxable income, he can get exemptions (amounts that can be removed from the gross salary before calculating taxes), because yes, you can reduce your taxes:

  • For the lines 1. C) à 1. H) / the maximum amount to be deducted is indicated in the 'yearly' column
  • An amount (deduction under 80C) of maximum 150,000 Rs per year, which includes an investment and/or the Provident Fund (see next post) on the part paid by the employee

So our guy, if he provides proof of maximum amount allowed for exemptions, he will be able to save up to 6% of taxes! Not bad no?! And he will pay 9% taxes even though he falls under the 30% slab! Otherwise, with no exemption, he will pay 15% taxes.

Let's see how in the table below:

inde,salaires,impôts,tranche d'impôts,pan

 

In India, taxes are directly deducted from your salary every month. But you still need to fill an 'Income Tax Return'. So if you have paid too much taxes you will get reimbursed (and now it goes amazingly fast) and if you have paid too less you will have to pay. To fill up this return, it is pretty easy and you can even do it yourself by connecting on this website (making sure you got the Form 26 from your employer). It is done yearly, before end of July. And you need to submit the proof at the time of renewing your Employment visa.

If you are not registered it, you can do it here (you only need your PAN number). 

And if you don’t have a PAN number, you have to get one if you work in India. You can also do it yourself, and start here

More info here on taxes: http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/wealth/tax/latest-inc...

06/26/2017

Working in India: the salary structure

If you want to work in India (and not as a chef, translator or nurse), and you’re aiming at getting a normal Employment Visa (in other words you don’t have the Holy Grail, the OCI), then you must earn at least 100,000 rupees per month.

This year, I had to understand the Indian salary structure – it was about time you could tell me. I banged my head on the walls as my HR consultant was just NOT making it any easy! But now I think I understand it. So this is what it looks like (I can also provide a (very) precious excel file) for a foreigner who earns the minimum of 100,000 rupees per month or 1,20,000 a year without the bonus):

India,working in India,salary,salary structure,wage,minimum salary for foreigners,employment visa

About exemptions, with the example above, if you provide medical bills up to 15,000 Rs or of rent up to 2,81,000 Rs you can get tax reduction.

Be aware! This break-up or a similar one (sometimes there are some variations in the components of the 'Package' must be provided during registration to the FRRO (or in any case I was asked to in 2016 at the Gurgaon FRRO).

More info here on the wage structure: https://quikchex.in/salary-structures-india-need-know/

05/29/2017

How to open a bank account in India

India,bank account,foreigner,student,tourist,expatriate,funds,repatriation,money transferA few years ago, a foreigner needed an Indian ‘sponsor’ to be able to open an account in India. Apparently things got easier and everyone can open a bank account in India (under certain conditions, of course): tourists, students, expatriates, etc.

There is a plethora of banks in India.

Private local (but good) banks:

  • HDFC - I tested
  • Axis - I tested
  • ICICI

International banks:

  • Citibank - I tested
  • HSBC

India,bank account,foreigner,student,tourist,expatriate,funds,repatriation,money transfer TOURIST

 Principle:

If you travel in India, you can open a NRO (Non-Resident Ordinary) account.

You can deposit money earned abroad in India. The interest earned on this account are taxable in India. You can use this account to make payments in India.

You have to upload documents online (it takes less than an hour) and then it takes 3-4 days for the account to be activated.

Documents for an NRO tourist account:

  1. Passport
  2. Tourist visa
  3. Proof of residence in your country of origin (the Passport is apparently accepted as such, so is the driver license, or a utility bill (electricity or phone) less than 2 months old, a bank statement less than 3 months old)
  4. PAN Card, which you probably won’t have and in this case the Form 60 (here)
  5. FATCA / CRS statement (downloadable from the site of the selected bank)
  6. The CKYC Annexure (downloadable from the site of the selected bank)
  7. The Bank form
  8. 2 photos
  9. All copies self-certified

Transfer funds from your home country to an account in India:

It’s easy.

  • You can do this via your home Bank.
  • Or WesternUnion.
  • Or a Bank in India (ICICI has for example a Money2India module).
  • Or PayPal.
  • A site of transfer and Moneytis can give you a comparison of all the sites

 Repatriate funds from an NRO account to your home country (3):

You can repatriate what’s left on your account within the limit of 1 million dollars a year. Be aware, the account has to be active for a maximum period of 6 months and you must not have put any money earned in India on it (except for the interests) in order to repatriate the balance funds. If you are a tourist and you stay more than 6 months, you will have to ask special permission from the RBI (Reserve Bank of India).

 

India,bank account,foreigner,student,tourist,expatriate,funds,repatriation,money transferSTUDENTIndia,bank account,foreigner,student,tourist,expatriate,funds,repatriation,money transfer

Principle:

If you are coming to study in India, you can open a NRO (Non-Resident Ordinary) student account.

You can deposit money earned in your home country or in India. The interests earned on this account are taxable in India. You can use this account to make payments in India.

You have to upload documents online (it takes less than an hour) and then it takes 3-4 days for the account to be activated.

Rule:

Within 30 days of opening the account, you must deposit at the Bank your address proof in India. Pending verification of address, you can deposit maximum $ 1,000 and withdraw maximum Rs 50,000.

Documents for an NRO account:

  1. Passport
  2. Student visa (or tourist visa with admission letter from the Institute)
  3. Proof of residence in your country of origin (the Passport is apparently accepted as such, so is the driver license, or a utility bill (electricity or phone) less than 2 months old, a bank statement less than 3 months old)
  4. PAN Card, which you probably won’t have and in this case the Form 60 (here)
  5. FATCA / CRS statement (downloadable from the site of the selected bank)
  6. The CKYC Annexure (downloadable from the site of the selected bank)
  7. The Bank form
  8. 2 photos
  9. All copies self-certified
  10. All signed copies

Transfer funds from the France (or abroad) to an account in India:

It’s easy.

  • You can do this via your home Bank.
  • Or WesternUnion.
  • Or a Bank in India (ICICI has for example a Money2India module).
  • Or PayPal.
  • A site of transfer and Moneytis can give you a comparison of all the sites

Repatriate funds from an NRO account to your home country (3):

You can repatriate what's left on your account within the limit of 1 million dollars a year. The RBI (Reserve Bank of India) doesn’t mention any maximum duration for the account to be active, but it is reasonable to assume that it is related to the duration of the visa.

 

India,bank account,foreigner,student,tourist,expatriate,funds,repatriation,money transferEXPATRIATES working in India (employment visa)

It also works for the OCI and non-working foreign residents, I assume.

You can open a Domestic account / Resident, also called a ‘Resident Individuals’ account (which may be a salary account or own account (normal current/saving account)).

Documents to open an account a Resident Individual:

  1. Passport
  2. Employment visa (they might also ask for the contract0
  3. Proof of residency (copy of the FRRO or OCI booklet)
  4. Proof of address in India
  5. PAN Card or the Form 60 (here) if you don’t have a PAN Card (though you might apply as you will need it)
  6. The Bank form
  7. 2 photos
  8. All copies self-certified

NB: The bank usually requires you to send the scan of the renewed visa every year to keep the account active. After 12 months without any transaction, the account is considered as inactive – interests continue to run but you can no longer make any transaction. It is however possible to reactivate an inactive account.

Transfer funds from your home country to an account in India:

A priori you won’t need to do it since you will be working. Otherwise the methods given above for tourists and students work!

Repatriate funds from an Indian account to your home account (3):

To repatriate funds, please note that it is highly regulated and that online transfer solutions may not work.

So you may have to go to the Bank and fill out the ‘foreign remittance’ form. You will have to have in hand the details of the account on which you want to transfer the funds (IBAN and SWIFT). You must also provide the evidence of salary (because you cannot transfer more than your net pay after all the deductions and taxes): salary slips signed (covering the amount you want to repatriate, e.g. 3 months if you want to transfer the equivalent of 3 months of net salary), or the Form 16, or a certificate from the employer.

You can also use Western Union or other agents of the same type, but I have never tried.

 

To sum-up what kind of non-resident accounts can be opened in India:

India,bank account,foreigner,student,tourist,expatriate,funds,repatriation,money transfer

India,bank account,foreigner,student,tourist,expatriate,funds,repatriation,money transfer

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